Inside Annapolis |
Brief History of Annapolis
Annapolis is located in central Maryland on the southern bank
of the Severn River as it feeds into the Chesapeake Bay. It is
the capital of Maryland and seat of Anne Arundel County and from
November 26, 1783 to June 3, 1784, Annapolis served as the capital
of the United States.
The Maryland State House was built between 1772 and 1779. Surrounded
by State Circle, it sits at the top of the hill overlooking Annapolis
Harbor and the Bay. It is the nations oldest state house
in continuous legislative use and is well known for its beautiful
setting and large wooden dome which can be seen from many parts
of town. It was this historic building in which General George
Washington resigned from the Continental Army in 1783 and the
Treaty of Paris, which ended the American Revolution, was signed
in 1784. Maryland lawmakers meet here at the beginning of each
year for their three-month legislative session.
The seafaring town of Annapolis is known for its rich cultural
and maritime history, well-preserved homes and breathtaking views
from Church Circle at the top of Main Street down to the water.
The quaint historic district and lovely harbor are framed by the
mouth of the Severn River and picturesque Spa Creek as they merge
into the expansive Chesapeake Bay, the nations largest estuary.
Home to the United States Naval Academy, founded in 1845, and
St. Johns College, founded as the King Williams School
in 1696, Annapolis welcomes thousands of visitors every year to
these institutions and the lovely town.
Originally settled by followers of Puritanism from Virginia in
1649 as the town of Providence, Annapolis later became known as
Town of Proctors, Town at the Severn, and Anne Arundel Town.
In 1694, the community became the provincial capital of Maryland
and was renamed Annapolis in honor of Princess (later Queen) Anne
of England. The narrow streets are lined with lovingly restored
historic buildings from many different periods in their characteristic
styles. In fact, Annapolis has more surviving colonial buildings
than any other location in the country. The citys historic
district is also a major tourist attraction and a gathering place
for shopping, dining and entertainment along the streets that
slope down to the harbor.
Annapolis is considered one of the ten best places to live in
the United States. Loved by visitors and residents alike, more
than 35,000 people have chosen to reside here. Although
it has nearly 20 miles of waterfront of its own, Annapolis is
situated in Anne Arundel County which boasts more than 500 miles
of shoreline along the Bay and the creeks and rivers that feed
it. With its fine harbor and proximity to the Chesapeake Bay,
Annapolis is considered the sailing capital of the nation and
is host to the largest in-the-water annual sail and powerboat
shows in the country.
Beyond the waterfront, you will find rolling countryside with
both established neighborhoods and new communities, most an hour
or less from the big city bustle of Washington, D.C. and Baltimore,
Md. Located near the western base of the Chesapeake Bay Bridge,
Annapolis provides a port of entry and a commercial and distribution
center for the surrounding agricultural communities. It thrives
economically on government activity, the production of radar electronics
and underwater military devices, and communications research and
development. As a result, the greater Annapolis area is home to
many significant corporate and governmental leaders.
It is not surprising that the area attracts the finest in health
care and education. Anne Arundel Medical Center, founded in 1902
and regionally and nationally recognized for high-tech medical
services and personalized patient care, is located in its new
facility just minutes from downtown Annapolis. Anne Arundel Community
College, named the 2001 Community College of the Year, is well-situated
across the Severn River.